Most, many, really all truly valuable Breakthroughs involve a Paradigm Shift

First, we define a paradigm. Paradigm actually is a word that fits well with breakthrough technology because it is difficult to define. Why is that good? It is a good thing NOT to understand because there is a certain quality associated with breakthroughs that needs to be found in your own enlightenment. A light goes on and you are never the same in this particular area. Take for instance Thomas Edison, his breakthrough was not the light bulb but something preceeding. It might be the confidence he had in his methods or it might be a realization from something he learned from his experiences that made him believe there could be a sustainable source of light. It might be what he learned from his early testing that there had to be an optimum material, set of conditions. After that it was just hard work or as he used to say, “Genius is one percent inspiration, ninety-nine percent perspiration.” “In any case, “the LIGHT literally went on and stayed on.” Edison’s quote can be misleading because you may think that hard work resulted in the breakthrough and in fact it did play a part. The figurative light went on before the light literally went on. Somewhere, there was a paradigm shift. He began to see this subject differently than others and in a unique way and that was what drove him to the final result.
Finally, we will define Paradigm (as best we can): The following is complicated …….. GOOD – a great word to have for breakthrough Technology – This you will come to understand shortly!

Paradigm Defined: The definition below may just confuse so don’t try to understand it. Just realize for the moment that lack of clarity for the word paradigm is a good thing in finally coming to grips with breakthrough technology.
One that serves as a pattern or model.
A set or list of all the inflectional forms of a word or of one of its grammatical categories: the paradigm of an irregular verb.
A set of assumptions, concepts, values, and practices that constitutes a way of viewing reality for the community that shares them, especially in an intellectual discipline.
[Middle English, example, from Late Latin paradīgma, from Greek paradeigma, from paradeiknunai, to compare : para-, alongside; see para-1 + deiknunai, to show.]

USAGE NOTE: Paradigm first appeared in English in the 15th century, meaning “an example or pattern,” and it still bears this meaning today: Their company is a paradigm of the small high-tech firms that have recently sprung up in this area. For nearly 400 years paradigm has also been applied to the patterns of inflections that are used to sort the verbs, nouns, and other parts of speech of a language into groups that are more easily studied. Since the 1960s, paradigm has been used in science to refer to a theoretical framework, as when Nobel Laureate David Baltimore cited the work of two colleagues that “really established a new paradigm for our understanding of the causation of cancer.” Thereafter, researchers in many different fields, including sociology and literary criticism, often saw themselves as working in or trying to break out of paradigms. Applications of the term in other contexts show that it can sometimes be used more loosely to mean “the prevailing view of things.” The Usage Panel splits down the middle on these nonscientific uses of paradigm. Fifty-two percent disapprove of the sentence The paradigm governing international competition and competitiveness has shifted dramatically in the last three decades.

We will use the term paradigm shift frequently so we need to define it – “loosely”.

Paradigm Shift Defined
A dramatic change in methodology or practice. It often refers to a major change in thinking and planning, which ultimately changes the way projects are implemented. For example, accessing applications and data from the Web instead of from local servers is a paradigm shift.

In order to bring a little more reality to paradigms look at Chart 3 – Paradigms. The chart is a little more than half way down this page following the Breakthroughs Course Inquiry Form.

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